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Mauritius is around 800 kilometers (500 miles) east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. The main island lies 580 miles (930 kilometers) north of the Agalega Islands, 340 miles (550 kilometers) east of Rodrigues Island, and approximately 250 miles (400 kilometers) northeast of the Cargados Carajos Shoals. According to the World Bank forecast for 2023, Mauritius has 1,300,557 people, with a median age of 37.5.


The government of Mauritius ratified the Optional Protocols (OP) to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on November 11, 2001, and formally adopted them on February 12, 2009. Despite collaborative endeavors by the government, civil society, and various stakeholders, numerous children in Mauritius continue to encounter hardships associated with poverty, sexual exploitation, abuse, and discrimination based on factors such as disability or ethnicity (Humanium, 2021). The principal factors contributing to child mistreatment in Mauritius include unstable family environments, substance abuse, custody disputes, and a disadvantaged socioeconomic status.

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