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The Eastern African nation known as the United Republic of Tanzania shares borders with Kenya and Uganda to the North, Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the West, and Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the South. To the east, Tanzania is bounded by the Indian Ocean, boasting a coastline stretching 1,424 km. Covering a total area of 945,087, including 61,000 sq. km of inland water, Tanzania also encompasses the island of Zanzibar, with a surface area of 2,654 Within Zanzibar, Unguja, the larger island, occupies 1,666, while Pemba covers 988 Tanzania's population stands at 47,173,000 and comprises approximately 120 distinct African tribal groups. The largest among these groups are the Sukuma, situated in the northwestern region of the country, south of Lake Victoria.

While Tanzania has made significant strides in safeguarding children, such as through child justice reform, a considerable number of children and adolescents in the country continue to endure violence, exploitation, and abuse. Particularly vulnerable groups include children with disabilities, those living in extreme poverty, youngsters in institutional care, and those separated from their families or who are on the move. Despite legal provisions permitting the use of corporal punishment in schools and homes, many children lack proper legal identification, child marriage remains prevalent, and instances of sexual abuse against young girls and boys persist. Furthermore, children and adolescents face escalating risks concerning online safety. It is imperative to shield children from all forms of violence to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially those pertaining to education, gender equality, and health.

Religious leaders hold significant trust and wield considerable influence within their communities. In Tanzania, UNICEF has partnered with religious leaders to raise awareness about harmful social norms and practices and to prevent violence against women and children. These leaders play a vital role in advocating for child rights and protection, leveraging their influential positions to address issues like child labor, child marriage, and access to education. By working closely with communities, religious leaders contribute to the well-being of children and ensure that their rights are upheld.

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